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The Jaigaon Development Authority (JDA), the nodal Agency for the Development of areas under three Gram Panchayats of Kalchini Block in the District of Jalpaiguri was created by upgradation of Jaigaon Planning Authority on 18-07-1990 (Notification no. 2066-T7 CP/IC-13/84, Dtd. 18-07-1990 of Development and Planning (T&CP) Department)- in pursuance of the objectives of the West Bengal Town & Country (Planning and Development) Act. 1979. JDA area consists of the following Mouzas - 1) Dalsingpara Tea Garden 2) Torsa Tea Garden 3) Machia Basti 4) Gopimohan Tea Garden 5) Jaigaon and 6) Chota Jaigaon. Total area of JDA is about 46 sq. km. The total population of Jaigaon Planning Area is 67,967 as per Census 2001.

On the basis of present predominant economic activities, Jaigaon Planning Area may be subdivided into three distinct characters where Jaigaon Gram Panchayat-II has predominant commercial activities that reflect its urbanizing characters whereas area under Jaigaon Gram Panchayat-I is still maintaining agro-economy. The economy surrounding Dalsingpara Gram Panchayat is dependant on the tea garden sectors. JDA was been established in 1987 under the West Bengal Town & Country (Planning & Dev.) Act, 1979

                                               :::::THEME CITY JAIGAON :::::              

Diversity in culture, tradition, climatic condition and demography characterise the State of West Bengal. As per Census 2011 the population of the State is 9.13 Crores. The number of languages and dialects spoken over the State is innumerable. The snow capped mountains with lush tea gardens in the North co-exist with the world’s largest mangrove forest in South Bengal. The dry, arid, red soil of the western part of the State along with the fertile alluvial soil in the eastern part of the State are equally unique features. long coast line abutting on the Bay of Bengal has led to development of ports and sea beaches which are popular tourist destinations. Darjeeling showcasing the exquisite Kanchenjunga mountain, the Sunderbans, Digha, Shantiniketan, Gangasagar are equally popular tourist attractions.

The economy of the State is basically agricultural. Industrial development is gradually transforming the agrarian economy in West Bengal. Presently the State boasts of a vast railway network with headquarters of two zones (Eastern and South-Eastern) and 151 railway stations. The first underground metro railways were started in Kolkata. The State Capital itself has three important railway stations. There are five airports (Kolkata, Coochbehar, Siliguri, Andal and Behala Flying Club) in the State which are being used commercially. The rapid strides of urbanization has led to formation of 118 Muncipalities covering 1739.05 sq.km. with a population of 1.24 crores and 7 Municipal Corporations covering an area of 859.48 sq.km. with a population of 0.84 crores.

The Urban Development Department, Government of West Bengal has a crucial role in planned urbanization. The scope and variety of work within this department is immense. There are five Planning Authorities and thirteen Development Authorities spread all over West Bengal. KMDA is strategically important in the development of the capital city. GBDA, TRDA and FSDA are the latest additions in the family. Statutory Bodies such as KIT and HIT also come within the umbrella of this department. The West Bengal State NGRBA Program Management Group (SPMG) and WBHIDCO are two important organizations within this department.

Considering the gradual transformation from agrarian to urban economy, it is vital that planned urbanization be the key stone to development. In order to achieve inclusive and planned urban growth and to make our cities and towns better places to live, work and innovate, the West Bengal Town and Country (Planning and Development) Act, 1979 has been the guiding principle. The formulation of the Township Policy alongwith the amendment of West Bengal Town and Country Planning (Development of Township Project) Rule, 2008 has been done to facilitate the growth of townships both in the public and private sector. This has been done so that urbanization becomes the engine of growth.

1.Map of Jaigaon Planning Area in the Alipurduar District. 

a.Location Map of Alipurduar District and Jaigaon Planning area.

                                                             Location

  1. Jaigaon Planning Area Location :

Jaigaon is in a small valley located near the low lying hills of the Himalayan Mountains. It lies on the banks of the Toorsa River. It is a census town and a Police station of Alipurduar Civil sub-division, which is coterminous with the newly-created Alipurduar District. However, the Sub-Divisional Police headquarter office is located at Jaigaon. The main overland entrance to Bhutan is through Jaigaon and Bhutan Gate separates the two countries. Bhutan being a hilly country does not have internal domestic roads linking to all its towns, so Bhutan uses Indian roads passing through Jaigaon to reach such destinations as Phuentshilling, Thimpu, Paro, Samtse, Gomtu and Samdrup Jongkhar. Bagdogra Airport (Siliguri) is the nearest airport and Kolkata its nearest port, where goods to Bhutan are brought from. Hasimara is the nearest railway station. India offers a free flow of goods from Kolkata port to Bhutan.

The outskirts of the city are demarcated by tea gardens. The Toorsa River flows on the western part upto the lower end of the town. To solve the problem of non-potable drinking water, various bore wells and pump stations operate around the town, adding to the problem of the decreasing water table below the town. The lifestyle of Jaigaon is influenced by the town's diverse population comprised of residents from throughout India and Bhutan. The demand of Bhutanese consumers from nearby Phuentshilling has led to the development of the service sector in various fields.

A variety of festivals of various religions are celebrated in Jaigaon, reflecting the town's diverse demographics.

The diversity of Jaigaon can be seen in its food and clothing, which represents diverse segments of Indian culture. In addition, the town's proximity to Bhutan has led to the popularity of Tibetan-influenced cuisine such as momos. In addition, ghos and kiras, the Bhutanese national dress is produced in Jaigaon for Bhutanese consumers.

  1. Land Use, population and tourist-flow.

a.  Land Use Area of Jaigaon Planning Area :

LAND USE AREA OF JAIGAON

LAND TYPE

TOTAL AREA (Sq.m.)

TOTAL AREA (Sq.km.)

Percentage

ROAD

4284759

4.2848

9.31

RESIDENTIAL

2787699.672

2.7877

6.06

GREEN COVER

1989585.985

1.9896

4.33

ORG. OPEN SPACE

122908.7777

0.1229

0.27

VACANT LAND

841757.9654

0.8418

1.83

PUBLIC  & SEMI PUBLIC

429387.362

0.4294

0.93

COMMERCIAL

1106980.74443

1.1070

2.41

MIXED RESIDENTIAL

254942.5323

0.2549

0.55

RIVER

1219280.015

1.2193

2.65

TEA GARDEN

17101396

17.1014

37.18

HILL SHAD

296847.9004

0.2968

0.65

FOREST

153179

0.1532

0.33

AGRICULTURE

7916206.068

7.9162

17.21

ORCHARD

7459955.287

7.4600

16.22

PUBLIC UTILITIES

39905.6393

0.0399

0.09

TOTAL

46004791.95

46.00

100



















































b.  Population

The Area Wise Population of Jaigaon Planning Area as on 2011is placed below :

SL

Mouza

2011

1

Jaigaon

42254

2

Gopimohan T.G

8290

3

Mechiabasty

9592

4

Choto Jaigaon

3083

5

Toorsa T.G.

6258

6

DalsingPara T.G

17167

 

TOTAL

86644

c.   Tourists flow

Tourist flow data of Jalpaiguri district has been taken as a base for evaluating tourist flow to Jaigaon and Bhutan.

 

Year

No. of
Trips conducted

No. of
Tourists
carried

No.of Tourists
staying in
Tourist Lodges

No. of
Tourist Lodge
(Govt.)

Total
Earning
( ' 000 Rs.)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

2007-08

4747

28803

20477

10

16142

2008-09

5700

36291

20314

10

16372

2009-10

6851

51793

27289

16

21299

2010-11

7353

63344

29424

16

22470

2011-12

8440

77419

30729

16

25268

The above table indicates tourist flow staying in Govt. lodges only. From the above table, there is an increase of around 20% per year in the tourist flow in the district of Jalpaiguri.

  1. Social Infrastructure:

The Social Infrastructure includes Schools & Colleges, Health facility, Post Office, Community Centres, Markets, Parks & Entertainment etc.

  1. Schools:

There are 30 no. of Govt. schools upto class-4 level and 7 no. of schools upto class-8 level.

There is one higher secondary Govt. school in the planning area. Students in large numbers attend to private schools upto higher secondary level on account of unavailability of any other Govt. Higher Secondary School.

Three numbers of private schools upto higher secondary level is also functional in that area in the name of St. Anthony (GP-I), SHMD School, BD School, Sun Rise English Medium and St. Johns School. All are located in    GP-II.

There is only one college at Jaigaon in the name of Nani Bhattacharya Smarak Mahavidyalaya which is affiliated to North Bengal University catering to the Arts stream students only. The college has big campus and can accommodate other streams for the students in that area.

Health:

In the Jaigaon Development Authority (JDA) area there is a 10-bedded 24 X 7 PHC, which presently is functioning with an Out Patient Department (OPD) and as a Delivery point. There are 2 (Two) Medical Officers, 4 (Four) Staff Nurses, a Pharmacist and support staff. Presently In-Patient Department (IPD) facilities are being extended to only pregnant women.

Apart from the JDA area, this PHC caters to 3 GPs and 11 Health Sub-Centre areas of the region. An estimated population of 80 thousand people is catered to by this PHC.

  1. Post Office:

Every gram panchayet, at present, is getting the service of the postal department of Government of India. The locations of the post offices in the Jaigaon Development Area are placed below:

Name of the Gram Panchayat

Name of the Post Office

Jaigaon I GP

Manglabari

Jaigaon II GP

Jaigaon

Dalsingpara GP

Dalsingpara

  1. Community Centres:

There is also a private community hall in the name of Agrasen Bhawan at GP-II(capacity 1000), Tulsi Bhawan at GP-II(near star cinema), Gulabi Devi Bhawan and Terapati Bhawan in GP-I. There is a hanuman Mandir dharmasala(in GP-II) besides link road and Gorkha Bhawan in GP-II area. These community halls cater to individuals in renting at different occasions to the inhabitants in that area.

  1. Markets:

Unauthorized Vegetables markets are available on the road side in many area in GP-I, GP-II and Dalsingpara GP. However, JDA has already constructed a market adjacent to Jaigaon GP-I office is already under occupation. This market is open 2 days in a week namely Tuesday & Saturday. The local people including persons from Bhutan comes in large numbers for marketing vegetables, foods, fish, meat, clothing & house hold items.

  1. Parks & Entertainment:

There is a Private Cinema hall which is operational  in GP-II area adjacent to MG Road close to the Bhutan Gate. At present there are no parks for public use in the Jaigaon Planning Area.  

  1. Playground : The following playgrounds are available in the planning area :

Play Ground

Area in Acres

Jaigaon Play Ground (Murda Stadium) at GP-II near Burning Ghat

3.587

Toorsa Football Ground at GP-I

5.688

Play Ground at Dalsinghpara Tea Factory

6.499

Play Ground at Dalsinghpara near MES Slaughter House

0.405

Play Ground at Dalsinghpara Gopalbahadur Basti

2.3819

Physical Infrastructure profile :         

  1. Water Supply :

PHED has been supplying drinking water in Jaigaon and its adjoining Mechia Basti, Khokla basti & Chotta Jaigaon area. Besides PHE, the management of tea gardens also have the own infrastructure to supply drinking water within their estates. As present PHED are maintaining the service through authorized contractors who withdraw the ground water through 4 tubewells & supply the water directly or via overhead reservoir whose capacity is 180000 ltrs.

Tube well No.

Location

Supply level (Ltr. Per hour)

Head Work site

Belechuyapara

446 Ltrs.

Tube well No.-2

Belechuyapara

535 Ltrs.

Tube well No.-3

Belechuyapara

424 Ltrs

Tube well No.-4

Belechuyapara

464 Ltrs

JDA has executed 44 numbers of mini water supply projects (Rig Bore Water Supply Schemes) in different locations of Jaigaon Planning area till 2015-16. One such Pump-House is depicted in the Picture. The work on all the sites has been completed & functional. The funding for these projects was from BMS & BADP projects. Each mini water supply project consists of 60 outlets for connection to the consumers.

  1. Power Supply 

Birpara is the main transmitting station that received power from Jaldhaka and Chukha generating stations at 132 KV and stepped it down to 66 KV and then transmitted to the other sub stations falling in its grid. Very recently in April, 2001, another 66/11 KV power sub-station has come up at Hasimara and at present electricity in the planning area is supplied from this sub-station via three 11 KV feeder, one to Jaigaon, another to Dalsingpara and the third to Bharnobari TG.

  1. Drainage , Sewerage & Garbage Collection :

Coverage of Drains in JDA area :

Gram Panchayat

No. of Houses Covered

Nature of Drain

Jaigaon - I

1500

Pucca:

Jaigaon - II

18000

Pucca: 80 % & Kutcha: 20%

Dalsingpara

26000

Pucca: 9 Kms & Kutcha:15 Kms

 

Latrine & Drainage

No of Households

Access to Latrines

Available

69.03

Not Available

30.97

Type of Connectivity for waste water Outlet

Closed Drainage

4.98

Open Drainage

29.98

No Drainage

65.04
















 

Garbage collection in GP-II area is carried out by an NGO named “Green Revolution” on a daily basis which is being monitored by merchants association of Jaigaon. However, in other areas of Jaigaon Planning area there is no garbage collection.    

  1. Tele Communication:

The BSNL has its telephone exchange at Dalsingpara area. The number of connections in that area are stated below:

  1. Landline           :           1500 Nos.

  2. Broadband       :             280 Nos.

  3. Mobile              :           1500 Nos.

  4. Lease-lines       :              13 Nos.

  5. CDMA             :              12 Nos.

Presently, Telephone Exchange is located at Hasimara and a small exchange is located at Jaigaon. The communication system is made through Optical Fiber Cable (OFC) either through underground or overhead system. The BSNL is gradually converting the exchange into a microwave exchange.

The exchange at Jaigaon is having the following capacity and details:

Capacity

Area of the building

Approx. Rev. Generation

Towers (BTS)

2 kVA

1,600 St.Ft.

Rs. 7-8 Lacs per month

2*

                 *At Dalsingpara and Jaigaon Bazar site.

Private Telecom Operators:

There are private telecom operators in GP-II at NS Road leading to the Bhutan Gate. The operators are namely, Vodafone, Airtel, Reliance and Idea. The operators give new pre-paid connections after obtaining necessary documents from the customers. There are 10-12 shops available in that area for giving these connections. The post-paid connections of all the operators are available at Hasimara.      

  1. Commercial Centres:

The most popular business in this planning area are :

  1. Selling of readymade garments and textile (30%) shops.

  2. Grocery and stationary (14%) shops.

  3. Garage. Spare parts & repairing shops (10%) shops.

 

Location

Jaigaon

Manglabari

Toorsa More

Bibari bazaar

Dalsing Bazar

Total

 

No. of shops

684

54

07

25

113

883

 

(%)

77.46

6.11

0.80

2.83

12.81

100

 

Presently, branded shops are visible in the commercial area of Jaigaon-II, i.e., Netaji Subhas Road leading to the Bhutan Gate. The branded shops available are Allen Solly, Puma, Bombay Dying, Nokia, Bata, Nikkon, VIP Luggages, Khadim, Kurl On, Sony, Samsung, Reliance Trend, Symphony etc.

People from Phuentshilling Bhutan and other places at Bhutan come from purchase of items on a regular basis to Jaigaon from these branded shops.

             Roads :

                Details of Major Roads in Jaigaon I & II :

Road Name

Category

Length (Km)

MG Road

Bituminous

0.77

Link Road

Bituminous

0.34

NS Road

Bituminous

14.09

Asian Highway Proposed

Proposed Highway

6.54

        Gram Panchayat-wise status of Road :

        The gram panchayat-wise status of road is placed below :

Gram Panchayat

Kutcha Road

Pucca Road

Others

Total

Jaigaon-I

76 Kms

10 Kms

16 Kms

102 Kms

Jaigaon-II

12 Kms

18 Kms

8 Kms

38 Kms

Dalsingpara

25.20 Kms

9.80 Kms

5.70 Kms

40.70 Kms

.       Jaigaon Theme City : Gateway to the Himalayan Kingdom

Jaigaon being a border town to Bhutan is being used by the tourists Indian and Foreign origin tourists for going to different cities of Bhutan namely Phuentshilling, Paro, Thimpu and Punakha etc. There is a Bhutan gate on the border of India and Bhutan located at the NS Road in Jaigaon welcoming people visiting Bhutan. Bhutan is a Buddhist kingdom on the Eastern Edge of Himalayas. Bhutan is known as a land of monasteries, fortresses and dramatic topography ranging from sub-tropical plain to steep mountain valleys.

All Indian tourists visiting Bhutan invariably takes a halt at Jaigaon to obtain permit for entering Bhutan by submitting photo identity card etc. for obtaining individual tourist passes for a maximum period of 7 days. No visas are required for entry to Bhutan. However, Permits are not required for entry to Phuentshilling, the border town of Bhutan. Indian currencies are widely acceptable in Bhutan and also Bhutan currencies are acceptable at Jaigaon.  There are a cultural mix between the people of Bhutan and Jaigaon which could be demonstrated in the commercial areas of Jaigaon and Phuntsiling. The people of both the countries closely interact in the commercial markets of Jaigaon and Phuentshilling while purchasing household articles and while engaging in trade between the two countries.

One can undergo a three nation drive from Kathmandu in Nepal to Punakha in Bhutan through India passing through Birgang to Kakkarbhitta to Nakshalbari and through Jaigaon to Bhutan. Jaigaon is a gateway to the kingdom of Bhutan and this could be the most acceptable theme concept which can be adopted while proposing the development plan to Govt. of West Bengal. Citizens from Bangladesh willing to visit Bhutan can also avail the railway connectivity from Changrabanda to Coochbehar/Hasimara and by road to Bhutan via Jaigaon.

Now considering the strategic location of Jaigaon (India) as a twin city to Phuentshilling (Bhutan), the tourist potential of Jaigaon can be fully exploited as the Gateway to the Himalayan Kingdom with free access to Phuentshilling to feel the ethnic Bhutanese culture & tradition. Further, tourists in Jaigaon can feel the lifestyle and climatic ambience of the hills of Phentshilling. Added to it, the tourist circuit can also be linked to the different Forest reserves of the Alipurduar district like Buxa Tiger Reserve, Buxa Fort, Jayanti and Raimatang Forest Village.

This theme concept could be replicated in the following areas namely in eco-tourism park, tourist resorts, white water rafting, tea museum, art and sculpture Academy and also on the proposed township can be developed in the planning area.

  1. Eco-Tourism Park:

This park is proposed in the foothills of Bhutan on the rear side of JDA building and is at an advanced stage of project formulation. A tall Buddha’s Statue could be placed on the eco-tourism park properly beautified through landscapes and flower garden duly lit up at night for proper visibility of the tourists visiting the town for going to Bhutan. This statue should be an art of its kind so that the people visiting the eco-tourism site could get the feel of that they have reached Bhutan.

 

The Gumpha is already located at the eco-tourism site which would also add to the taste of Buddhist Culture for the tourist visiting the park. The statue of Buddha should be built on the eco-tourism park and strategically located on a hill top such that people from any place in the town could see the statue both during the day and night. A proposed ropeway would be connecting the eco-tourism park for attracting the tourists in the park which could be linked to the Buddhist Monastery located at Phuentshilling on the approval of Govt. of Bhutan.

  1. Tourist Cottages:

The tourist cottages which are coming up both at eco-tourism park and also on the other places of Jaigaon planning area can replicate pictures/statues of Buddhist art and culture like paintings, sculptures, carving, calligraphy, embroidery, weaving, carpentry, bamboo and cane weaving etc.  Bhudhist food items alongwith Indian food items should find its place in the menu cards so that the tourists staying in these cottages could get acquainted to Indo-Bhutanese art and culture. These cottages could provide Indian and Bhutanese music to entertain the tourists visiting Jaigaon.

  1. Art and Sculpture Academy :

An Indo-Bhutanese Art and Sculpture Academy should be located at Jaigaon to showcase the rich and traditions of history, art, sculptures. Different galleries will be located in the hub depicting old coins, historic arms and ammunitions, jewellery, paintings, sculptures, fossils, handicrafts, old scripts, dresses, household objects, stamps etc. This Academy would attract tourists from both the countries. This Academy could be under the control of the district administration of Alipurduar.

             Township:

The township being proposed at Gopimohan Tea Garden and Mechia Bustee in Jaigaon-I would replicate traditional Bhutanese houses which could be rented as a furnished service apartment  to Indian and Foreign Tourists for a limited period to promote tourism in that area. The tourist communities namely the Indians and the Bhutanese staying at this township will have social and cultural interactions between the two communities. A traditional Bhutanese house has the following:

Traditional Bhutanese Houses

A Typical Bhutanese houses have timber frame structures assembled with a system of pegs. Glass panes are rare in rural Bhutan and sliding wooden shutters are used instead to close the window. The trefoil arches are striking and outer walls are often painted black or brown with motifs such as clouds, lotus flowers or other auspicious signs. Phallic images on the exteriors of Bhutanese homes look startling against conservative Bhutanese background that are painted or carved to chase away demons and bring fertility and prosperity to the household. Elaborate cornices and wide overhanging eaves adorn larger houses. Traditionally, the kitchens had no chimney and smoke escaped through the windows, leaving a thick layer of soot over everything. This protected the wood from insects.

  1. Tourist offices located at the Bus Terminus at Jaigaon.

Tourist offices of both the countries should open their offices at the Bus Terminus at Jaigaon and also at Phulsiling so that Govt. tourist vehicles can ply on both the countries in carrying tourists. This office will also attract foreign tourist flow in North Bengal and Bhutan. The present tourist package of North Bengal by West Bengal Tourst Development Corporation Ltd. can also be extended to Bhutan through Jaigaon as a destination.

  1. White Water Rafting on River Torsa:

  2. Tea Museum: There are a number of tea gardens in and around Jaigaon, viz. Toorsa, Dalsingpara, Bharnabari, Beech etc. A Tea Museum cum Boutique can be set up in any of those tea gardens to attract tourists.


Jaigaon Development Authority

Jaigaon Bus Terminus, P.O & P.S-Jaigaon
District: Alipurduar Pin-736182,
West Bengal
Phone: 03566-264276 Fax: 03566-264276
E-Mail:jdaoffice.jaigaon@gmail.com

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